Glaucoma

What is Glaucoma?

 Glaucoma is the disease of Optic nerve. Glaucoma damages your optic nerve causing blindness. Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness. The rise in fluid pressure inside the eye leads to glaucoma. The fluid is called “Aqueous humour”. The problem with the outflow of Aqueous humour causes the pressure inside the eyeball to rise up. The pressure inside the eye is called Intraocular Pressure (IOP). This starts the damaging cascade to the retina (Nerve fibre layer). Finally, the optic nerve is damaged. The damage from glaucoma can often be treated.

Types of Glaucoma:

 There are two major causes of glaucoma excluding the systemic, trauma and other minor causes.

1.  Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG):

 The drainage system of the aqueous humour forms an angle like structure which determines the cause of glaucoma. This is the most common type of glaucoma. It happens gradually, where the eye does not drain fluid as well as it should (like a clogged drain). As a result, eye pressure builds and starts to damage the optic nerve. This type of glaucoma is painless and causes no vision changes at first. Regular eye exams are important to find early signs of damage to their optic nerve.

2.  Angle-closure glaucoma / Narrow-angle glaucoma (ACG)

 The colourful part of the eye called “IRIS” becomes a hurdle in the drainage, it causes “ACG”. The angle becomes lesser than normal. The fluid cannot make its path out of the eyeball. The production doesn’t stop while drainage is stopped. This is an emergency condition as pressure rises quickly.

Symptoms of Glaucoma

 Open angle glaucoma is totally asymptomatic. You don’t have any symptoms of open-angle glaucoma until you notice a loss of peripheral vision on an advanced stage.

In case the of angle-closure glaucoma, Patient has some major symptoms :

  • Blurred Vision
  • Severe Eye Pain
  • Headache
  • Nause (You feel sick to your stomach)
  • Vomiting
  • Rainbow-coloured rings or halos around lights (Due to swelling of Cornea)

Signs of Glaucoma

 Your eye doctor examines the eye and finds out the change in the shape of an angle.

Patients with POAG have major changes in the colour, shape, depth, size of the head of Optic Nerve also called Optic disc. Intraocular pressure rises on angle-closure glaucoma.

Commonly asked questions about Glaucoma

1.  How serious is glaucoma?

 Glaucoma is a silent killer of the eyes. It could lead to blindness in hours. If you have Angle closure Glaucoma, it is an emergency condition that needs treatment as soon as possible.

2.  What is the average age to get glaucoma?

 People over age 60 are at increased risk for this disease. African Americans, however, are at increased risk after age 40. The risk of developing glaucoma increases slightly with each year of age.

3.  Can you go blind if you have glaucoma?

 Yes, Glaucoma causes blindness. The rise in pressure inside the eyeball damages the optic nerve. The damage is irreversible. It is better to have a regular eye check-up. Your eye doctor can help you prevent attacks of glaucoma.

4.  How long does it take to go blind from glaucoma?

 One of the more recent studies published in 2013 estimated that 4 in 10 patients diagnosed with open-angle glaucoma (POAG) go blind in one eye, and 1 out of 6 (~16%) go blind in both eyes. Patients with Acute angle-closure glaucoma go blind within hours if the IntraOcular pressure is not reduced by medication.

5.  What happens if you have glaucoma?

 If you have glaucoma, You will ultimately go blind in hours if you have a sudden attack of Intraocular pressure rise or you could go blind without even knowing when you have primary open-angle glaucoma.

6.  What vitamins are good for glaucoma?

 Food containing Omega-3 fatty acid, Food Containing zinc, Vitamin D, Vitamin A, Vitamin E, Vitamin C, Lutein and Zeaxanthin are the most important nutrients that are good for eye health.

7.  What foods are good for glaucoma? or What foods to eat to lower eye pressure?

 Eat foods like spinach, collard greens, kale, yellow corn, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, mango, green beans, sweet potatoes, lima beans, squash, green peppers, citrus fruits, tomatoes, broccoli, strawberries, eggs, fortified cereals, fruit, wheat germ, green leafy vegetables, nuts, nut oils, vegetable oils, carrots, mangoes, milk, egg yolks, oysters, red meat, poultry, beans, nuts, certain seafood, whole grains, wild salmon, sardines, walnuts, and flaxseed oil.

8.  Which foods and beverages to avoid if you have glaucoma?

 Foods High in Saturated Fats and Trans Fats, Caffeine, Carbohydrates, Alcoholic beverages.

9.  Can glaucoma be reversed?

 The damage to the optic nerve cannot be reversed. Blindness due to Glaucoma cannot be reversed in any condition.

10.  Can glaucoma be caused by stress?

 Stress may play a part in the precipitation of acute closed-angle glaucoma because Intraocular pressure (IOP) can be affected by the emotional state of the patient.

11.  Can glaucoma be stopped?

While there are no known ways of preventing glaucoma, blindness or significant vision loss from glaucoma can be prevented if the disease is recognized in the early stages. Glaucoma medications slow the progression of glaucoma by reducing elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) to prevent damage to the optic nerve.

12.  How do you avoid getting glaucoma?

  • Get regular eye
  • Know your family’s eye health history
  • Take prescribed eyedrops only
  • Wear eye protection
  • Do regular exercise
  • Avoid bad eating habits

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Eye Candy Miami Lakes
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Doris Soltis
Doris Soltis
18:51 26 Oct 20
I ❤️ Dr. Castellanos...my entire... family has been seeing her for over 10 years! I wouldn’t trust my 👀 with anyone else! Not to mention how beautiful her office is... so many gorgeous frames and sunglasses to choose from...and for those of us with a sweet tooth...there’s a wide variety of candy to try! The entire staff is very professional and knowledgeable. I just adore you guys🔥🔥🔥I’d follow you anywhere!🥰read more
Susana Landin
Susana Landin
17:27 25 Oct 20
This was my fist time with Dr Giannie... and it was an amazing one . My son was recomended by his pediatrician to go see the eye doctor and we came here . We had an appointment and we didn’t have to wait long . They where very professional and nice to my son and i . The doctor was very good at explaining everything and recommending different things for my son’s eye care . The process of getting the glasses was also fast and she was amazing at recommending the type of glasses my son needs in order for them to last longer. Overall it was a great experience and i will definitely be back for him and in the future for myself. Thank you doctor.read more
Michelle Reamer
Michelle Reamer
20:50 04 Aug 20
Not only is Giannie a fantastic... optometrist but her place is so adorably awesome! Eye Candy has a wide variety of glasses to choose from and delicious treats. I went for an exam with my 3 month old and it was a peace of cake. Great to support small businesses and fun when it comes with candy perks! 🧡read more
Jackie Mesa .
Jackie Mesa .
23:25 25 May 20
I absolutely love coming here!! All the... staff is incredible and super friendly. They genuinely care about all their patients and want the best for them. And who doesn’t love getting candy after a visit to your eye doctor?!?read more
Daylenis A
Daylenis A
14:13 27 Mar 20
Avoid the disappointment. I now have a... pair of glasses that I paid for and cannot wear, they will not even give me a partial credit on them. I took them back to get fixed once and they got them wrong again, they want me to keep coming back and wasting my time. Even if this was "a lab issue", they need to stand behind their products and vendors and make things right.Mind you, this is not my only time at the practice, I have been loyal to this doctor since she worked at Macy's optical. Also, once you bring a problem to their attention, all they do is deny it so I am sure they will try to deny what I'm saying. I started being disappointed with this place because I liked to go see the doctor that owns the practice, but they kept making appointments with her and then calling me to say she wouldn't be in, this happened 3 times and another time they allowed me to come in and sit there and wait, until I realized the doctor was not in.I ended up coming back another day and seeing their other "highly recommended" doctor, she was disappointing. They couldn't even give me my prescription that day and said they would fax it but the new doctor was very good at telling me how I should buy the contacts through them. They kept faxing over the incorrect prescription and I had to get 1800-contacts to call them and get the right one.Don't waste your time and money.read more
Michelle L A C
Michelle L A C
16:51 02 Feb 20
Dr. Castellanos is a great doctor. She... is very knowledgeable and dedicated to her patients. The staff is helpful! I loved my new pair of glasses!read more
Stephanie Diaz
Stephanie Diaz
13:22 30 Jan 20
The most beautiful selection of glasses... at amazing prices. Everyone that works in the store is so helpful! Their chocolate selection is incredible! Perfect for gifts. Dr. Giannie Castellanos gives the best eye exam I have ever had. Very detailed and takes her time. Highly recommend!read more
GlueGo Co
GlueGo Co
23:29 17 Apr 19
Eye Candy indeed! Eye wear with a sweet... twist! Get the glasses and some awesome candy with it. Great customer service and quality. Thanks will come again!read more
Genny Castellanos
Genny Castellanos
23:30 15 Jan 19
Love this one of a kind eye glass and... candy store. The colors are vibrant. The staff is friendly and they have tons of options for glasses. You can see an eye doctor while you are there too. Very fun experience.read more
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